Nag Hammadi

In December 1945, local farmers of the town Nag Hammadi, Egypt, found 13 leather-bound papyrus codices. The writings in these codices, dating back to the 2nd century AD, comprised 52 mostly Gnostic treatises, believed to be a library hidden by monks from the nearby monastery of St Pachomius when the possession of such banned writings, denounced as heresy, was made an offence. The most famous of the codices are believed to be the Gospel of Thomas. All the texts have been public since 1975, and are available online.