Falsifiability is the logical possibility that
an assertion or theory can be contradicted by an observation or the outcome of a physical experiment.
The term "falsifiable" does not mean something is made false, but if it is false, it can be shown by observation or
Some philosophers (ie, Karl Popper) used
falsifiability as the key criterion between what is and what is not genuinely scientific. That a theory can
only be considered scientific if and only if it is falsifiable. Otherwise it is a "non-testable
The position of the
institutional philosophic and scientific community is that any idea or belief that can only be
subjectively experienced is
unfasifiable. For example, the belief in God or a supernatural being, according to the theory of
falsifiability, is unfasifiable.
The Fallacy of
In Quantum Questions, Integral
Wilber, keenly points out the subtle fallacy of falsifiability
logic – that all domains are open to experiential disclosure. That all experiences are valid, from the sensory
to the psychological and to the religious.
Recognizing this openness is paramount in
building a bridge from
science to religion.
If the religious knowledge-claim is dogmatic,
idiosyncratic or a personal belief, it may or may not be valid, however if it doesn’t pass the basic scientific
criteria, then it is non-science (non-testable knowledge-claim).